When purchasing a carpet, one should be able to understand the needs of the carpet’s future location and pay close attention to the fabric is made of. Different fabrics behave differently based on climate, traffic and the needs of the client. Some fabrics are collected from natural sources like animals or plants but others are synthetic and man made. The following is a list of carpet fabrics available on the market and some of their characteristics.


Wool carpets are elegant. They are most suitable for environment with high moisture. With excellent piling quality and dying, wool can survive really high traffic in tough areas. Oriental rugs are most commonly made out of wool. They might have cotton below but almost always what you see is wool. Cotton foundation provides a better strength. It is important to note that wool is a natural fabric, and as a result, very few people are allergic to it.


Silk is a natural fiber and it highly resistant to pull. It has a shine to it and carpet makers often use that quality to manipulate the look of the finished carpet. Silk can be very beautiful carpets. Most silk carpets have a cotton foundation but the more expensive ones could have silk as a foundation. With silk being a soft fiber, it should ideally be used in soft and delicate locations. The delicacy also makes silk require more care than the wool ones which can take more wear and tear.


JuteJute is a vegetable fiber that could be spun into strong threads. Carpets made out of it are affordable and could be used in most places. The weaving possibilities of jute allow it to be made into beautiful patters. Moisture does not help with jute. Any water could cause problems with your jute carpet.

Synthetic fibers:

Nylon, polyester, olefin and acrylic are a few of the synthetic fibers used to make carpets. Nylon is durable, resilient, and can be easily maintained with minimum care. Olefin is found mostly outside because it can’t be easily damaged by water. Polyester is easy to maintain. Polyester can be found in many different textures.

Consider some of the reasons why:

1. Good Appearance Retention
Synthetic fibersNot only does a wool carpet look good, it is considered by many to be the premier carpet fibre because it has a natural bulky ‘crimp’; making it resilient and better able to recover from heavy foot traffic pressure and compression marks. Provided the pile density is nice and tight, a wool carpet stay looking good much longer than its synthetic counterpart.

Wool’s natural lanolin content helps to make it soil resistant and thus easy to clean.

2. Practical Comfort

A wool carpet is soft, warm, and cosy to live with. At the same time it’s a natural sound and heat insulator. It’s also flame resistant; it singes rather than melts so small scorch marks can be easily brushed away. Compare this to synthetic fibres that will melt, leaving hard, dark, molten ‘blobs’ in the pile.

The way wool fibre is constructed (with a hard scaly surface) allows it to absorb moisture helping to regulate ambient humidity and reduce static shocks.


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